Austria, Bulgaria, Colombia, Jordan, Peru, Poland, Senegal and Syrian Arab Republic: revised draft resolution
UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL Distr. LIMITED 1 March 1978 ENGLISH Original: ENGLISH/FRENCH COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Thirty-fourth session Agenda item 22 QUESTION OF A CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD Austria, Bulgaria, Colombia, Jordan, Peru, Poland, Senegal and Syrian Arab Republic: revised draft resolution The Commission on Human Rights, Taking into consideration the draft Convention on the Rights of the Child submitted by Poland on 7 February 1978, 1. Requests the Secretary-General to transmit the draft Convention to Member States and to competent specialized agencies, regional intergovernmental organizations and competent non-governmental organizations, inviting them to communicate to him not later than 31 October 1973 their views, observations and suggestions on such a convention and requests him to submit a report thereon to the Commission on Human Rights at its thirty-fifth session; 2. Decides to continue, as a matter of priority, at its thirty-fifth session, its consideration of the draft Convention on the Rights of the Child, taking into account both the draft Convention annexed to this resolution and the report of the Secretary-General, with a view to adopting the Convention at that session for transmission to the General Assembly through the Economic and Social Council; 3. Recommends that the Economic and Social Council should adopt the following draft resolution: "The Economic and Social Council. "Having in mind the fact that General Assembly resolution 5l/169 of 21 December 1976 proclaimed 1979 as the International Year of the Child, "Bearing in mind that, since the adoption by the General Assembly of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, 19 years have elapsed, during which person States Members of the United Nations have taken into account in the formulation of their socio-economic policies the principles of that Declaration, GE.78-3637 E/CN.4/L.1366/Rev.2 page 2 "Conscious of the need further to strengthen the comprehensive scare and the well-being of children all over the world, "Being aware of the special need to assist children in the developing countries in a manner consistent with the goals of the new international economic order, 'Having in mind the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, in particular its articles 23 and 24, as well as the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, in particular its article 10, "Noting resolution (XXXIV) of the Commission on Human Rights, "Takes note with satisfaction of the work undertaken by the Commission at its thirty-fourth session with a view to preparing a Convention on the Rights of the Child and its decision finally to adopt such a Convention at its thirty-fifth session, "Recommends to the General Assembly that it include in the agenda for its thirty-fourth session, as a priority matter, the question of the adoption of a Convention on the Rights of the Child," Annex page 1 DRAFT CONVENTION OH THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD The States Parties to the present Convention. Bearing in mind that the peoples of the United Nations have, in the Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom, Recognizing that the United Nations have, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, proclaimed and agreed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, Recognizing also that the child, by reason of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special saftguards and care, including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth, Having in mind that the need for such special safeguards has been stated in the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the child of 1924 and in the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child of 1959 and recognized in the Universal Declination of Human Rights, in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (in particular in its articles 23 and 24), in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (in particular in its article 10) and in the statutes of specialized agencies and international organizations concerned with the welfare of children, Proclaiming that mankind owes to the child the best it has to give, Have agreed as follows; Article I Every child, without any exception whatsoever, shall be entitled to the right set forth in this Convention, without a distinction or discrimination on account on race, colour, sex, language, religion, political and other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, whether of himself or of his family. Article II The child shall enjoy special protection and shall be given opportunities and facilities, by low and by other means, to enable him to develop physically mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a healthy and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity. In the enactment of lawn for tills purpose, the boat interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration. E/CN.4/L.1366/REV.2 Annex page 2 Article III The child shall be entitled from his birth to a name and a nationality. Article IV The child shall enjoy the benefits of social security. He shall be entitled to grow and develop in health; to this end, special care and protection shall be provided both to him and to Ms mother, including adequate pre-natal and post-natal care. The child shall have the right to adequate nutrition, housing, recreation and medical services. Article V The child who is physically, mentally or socially handicapped shall be given the special treatment, education and care required by his particular condition. Article VI The child, for the full and harmonious development of his personality, needs love and understanding. He shall, wherever possible, grow up in the care and under the responsibility of his parents and, in any case, in an atmosphere of affection and of moral and material security; a child of tender years shall not, save in exceptional circumstances, be separated from hi3 mother. Society and the public authorities shall have the duty to extend particular care to children without a family and to those without adequate means of support. Payment of State and other assistance towards the maintenance of children of large families is desirable. Article VII 1. The child is entitled to receive education, which shall be free and compulsory, at least in the elementary stages. He shall be given an education which will promote Ms general culture and enable him, on a basis of equal opportunity, to develop Ms abilities, Ms individual judgement and Ms sense of moral and social responsibility, and to become a useful member of society. 2* The best interests of the child shall be the guiding principle of those responsible for Ms education and guidance; that responsibility lies in the first place with Ms parents. 3. The child shell have full opportunity for play end recreation, which should be directed to the same purposes an education; society and the public authorities shall endeavour to promote the enjoyment of this right. Article VIII The child shall in all circumstances be among the first to receive protection and relief. annex page 3 Article IX 1. The child shall be protected against all forms of neglect, cruelty and exploitation. He shall not be the subject of traffic, in any form. 2. The child shall not be admitted to employment before an appropriate minimum age; he shall in no case be caused or permitted to engage in any occupation or employment which would prejudice his health or education, or interfere with his physical, mental or moral development. Article X The child shall be protected from practices which may footer racial, religious or any other form of discrimination. He shall be brought up in a spirit of understanding, tolerance, friendship among peoples, peace and universal brotherhood, and in full consciousness that his energy and talents should be devoted to the service of his fellow men. Article XI The States Parties undertake to submit to the Economic and Social Council, through the Secretary-General, periodic reports on the implementation of this Convention. These reports shall be submitted initially, one year after the entry into force of the Convention for the State concerned, and thereafter every five years. Article XII The reports submitted by the States P ties under article XI shall be considered by the Economic and Social Council which may make general observations and bring them to the attention of the General Assembly. Article XIII The present Convention is open for signature by all States. Any State which does not sign the Convention before its entry into force may accede to it. Article XIV 1. The present Convention is subject to ratification. Instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. 2. Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Article XV 1. The present Convention shall enter into force six months after the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the fifteenth instrument of ratification or accession. 2. For each State ratifying the present Convention or acceding to it after the deposit of the fifteenth instrument of ratification or instrument of accession. the Convention shall enter into force six months after the date of the deposit of its own Instrument of ratification or instrument of aecession. E/CN.4/L.1366/Rev.2 Annex page A Article XVI Any State Party may denounce the present Convention by a written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation shall take effect one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General. Article XVII 1. A request for the revision of the present Convention may be made at any time by any State Party by means of a notification in writing addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. 2. The General Assembly of the United Nations shall decide upon the steps, if any, to be taken in respect of such request. Article XVIII The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all States of the following particulars: (a) Signatures, ratifications and accessions under articles XIII and XIV; (b) The date of entry into force of the present Convention under article XV; (c) Denunciations under article XVI; (d) Notifications under article XVII. Article XIX 1. The present Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the United Nations. 2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit certified copies of the present Convention to all States.