Summary record of the 17th meeting : 3rd Committee, held on Monday, 12 November 1993, New York, General Assembly 48th session.
|UN Document Symbol||A/C.3/48/SR.17|
|Convention||Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities|
|Document Type||Summary Record|
|Subjects||Youth, Persons with Disabilities, Family, Ageing Persons|
Monday, 25 October 1993
at 3 p.m.
SUMMARY RECORD OF THE 17th MEETING
Chairman: Mr. KUKAN (Slovakia)
AGENDA ITEM 109: SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, INCLUDING QUESTIONS RELATING TO THE WORLD
SOCIAL SITUATION AND TO YOUTH, AGEING, DISABLED PERSONS AND THE FAMILY
ORGANIZATION OF WORK
This record is subject to correction. Corrections should be sent under the signature of a member of the
delegation concerned within one week of the date of the publication to the Chief of the Official Records
Editing Section, room DC2-794, 2 United Nations Plaza, and incorporated in a copy of the record.
Corrections will be issued after the end of the session, in a separate corrigendum for each Committee.
12 November 1993
93-81849 (E) /...
The meeting was called to order at 3.15 p.m.
AGENDA ITEM 109: SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, INCLUDING QUESTIONS RELATING TO THE WORLD
SOCIAL SITUATION AND TO YOUTH, AGEING, DISABLED PERSONS AND THE FAMILY
(continued) (A/48/3 (chap. VII.D), A/48/24, A/48/56-E/1993/6, A/48/207,
A/48/289, A/48/291, A/48/293, A/48/359, A/48/462, A/48/476, A/48/484;
E/1993/50/Rev.1; A/C.3/48/L.2, L.3, L.4)
1. Mr. AL-MEHAIRBI (United Arab Emirates) said that the international
political climate was now favourable to the strengthening of social and economic
development and international cooperation with a view to finding solutions to
the problems arising from wars and conflicts as well as natural disasters. The
United Arab Emirates spared no effort to provide the necessary physical and
moral assistance to countries affected by such conflicts and disasters. Its
policy of sound development was aimed at achieving stability and equitable
growth in order to provide humanitarian, social, education and health services
to all, since the human element constituted the true strength and capital of a
2. With respect to social services, his country was guided by the premise that
the family was the basic unit of society. It had established social guidance
centres and ministerial committees on the family to promote family
responsibility, the protection of children, the proper upbringing of youth and
the prevention of delinquency. It had also established centres for the care and
rehabilitation of the disabled and homes and clubs for the elderly. Regarding
education, he said that the number of students at all levels of education had
increased, and centres had been established for applied scientific research.
Centres and programmes had also been established for the eradication of
illiteracy and for adult education. In the field of health, hospitals, clinics
and child care centres had been built, and health awareness programmes were
being implemented. Finally, his country devoted great attention to programmes
aimed at raising general cultural and social levels and promoting youth training
for sports, as well as at inculcating humanitarian principles in accordance with
the true Islamic religion and moral values.
3. His country commended the work accomplished by the United Nations in
strengthening social and economic development. His delegation pinned great
hopes on the 1995 World Summit for Social Development and the 1994 International
Conference on Population and Development. Furthermore, his country looked
forward to participating in the International Year of the Family and hoped that
1994 would see the adoption of a long-term strategy in support of the family.
The Member States were urged to make positive and effective contributions to
enable the United Nations to fulfil its obligations in order to achieve progress
and well-being for all humanity.
4. Mr. ABDELLAH (Tunisia), speaking on behalf of the member States of the Arab
Maghreb Union (AMU), said that AMU shared many of the principal goals linked to
development, namely the promotion of social justice, the protection of
vulnerable groups, the integration of youth into social projects and the fight
against crime. The high incidence of malnutrition, illiteracy and poverty in
the developing countries, reflected in the 1993 Report on the World Social
Situation, were due in part to the dichotomy between long-term development
(Mr. Abdellah, Tunisia)
objectives and the effects of sudden structural adjustment programmes, and to a
lack of measures to benefit the most disadvantaged segments of society.
Indebtedness, excessive debt servicing and depressed commodity prices had also
hampered the success of development strategies. A global approach was needed to
resolve problems of social development. In that connection, AMU commended the
efforts of the international community to promote development policies and urged
the United Nations and its specialized agencies to provide additional support in
implementing social policies.
5. The themes of the World Summit for Social Development in 1995, which
included alleviation of poverty, expansion of productive employment and social
integration formed the basis for integrated action to advance social
development. The AMU welcomed the idea of holding the Summit at a time when
countries were confronted with difficulties created by transition to democracy
and structural adjustment programmes.
6. The member States of the Arab Maghreb Union attached great importance to
the family unit and supported the recommendations adopted at the United Nations
Africa and Western Asia Preparatory Meeting for the International Year of the
Family. Those recommendations stressed the need to promote respect for
individual freedoms and rights, address the particular problems of rural and
poor families, eliminate discrimination against migrant families and promote
social equality. The World Summit for Social Development would provide an
excellent opportunity to discuss social issues which had a direct impact on
international peace and security.
7. Mr. OULD MOHAMED MAHMOUD (Mauritania) said that a review of the situation
of youth in the world today was an appropriate time to evaluate the progress
made since the General Assembly adopted the guidelines for further planning and
suitable follow-up in the field of youth in 1985 (resolution 40/14). In fact,
the situation of youth in the world continued to be of great concern and, in
some respects, had deteriorated. Young people were an essential asset for the
future of any society and their needs and rights, specifically in the areas of
education, training, health and employment, had not been sufficiently
8. In the developing countries, which were experiencing great economic
difficulties, the situation was particularly deplorable and had generated such
social ills as juvenile delinquency, corruption and drug addiction. There had
been a breakdown in the traditional family structure and religious faith,
accompanied by problems of hunger, sickness, illiteracy and alarming levels of
unemployment. The situation of the youth in rural areas was critical. In urban
areas, many young people were tempted by harmful practices that were prohibited
by Islam and were forced into marginalization. The new world order and
preventive diplomacy, defined by the Secretary-General in his Agenda for Peace,
would be judiciously implemented by a policy that ensured the rights and met the
needs of young people. The tenth anniversary of the International Youth Year in
1995 would provide an excellent opportunity for the international community to
renew its commitments to future generations. The General Assembly, in its
resolution 45/103 of 14 December 1990, had decided to devote a plenary meeting
at its fiftieth session to youth questions. Given the new challenges, his
(Mr. Ould Mohamed Mahmoud, Mauritania)
delegation wished to suggest that the United Nations consider convening a second
world youth congress at that time, which would help to identify appropriate
solutions to the very serious problems facing young generations throughout the
world. The cost of convening such a conference could be reduced if it were to
coincide with activities planned for the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary
of the United Nations. The convening of such a conference would considerably
enrich that celebration and demonstrate the deep-felt concern of the United
Nations for the problems of youth.
9. Ms. YIN YIN MINT (Myanmar) welcomed the decision to convene the World
Summit for Social Development in 1995. There was a great need to analyse in
depth the economic problems of the developing countries and their impact on
social development. As recognized by the World Conference on Human Rights,
extreme poverty was a major factor inhibiting full enjoyment of human rights.
Her delegation hoped that the World Summit for Social Development would
elaborate guidelines for Governments so that they could address social issues
10. As indicated the 1993 Report on the World Social Situation, her
Governmentâs expenditure on education and health services had exceeded
20 per cent of total expenditures at the beginning of the 1990s. Her Government
was formulating policies and programmes to alleviate hunger, improve health
conditions and provide education and better housing to both urban and rural
populations. Bearing in mind that economic progress would contribute to the
social well-being of the people, efforts were being made to ensure a smooth
transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. Fully
conscious of the need to provide shelter, especially for the poorest segments of
society, her Government was setting up new satellite towns. Those projects were
substantially subsidized and had helped to ease overcrowding in the cities.
11. Efforts were being made to improve the quality of life of the various
racial groups in the border areas and bring needed infrastructure to remote and
mountainous areas. The development programme for border areas and ethnic groups
had had a great impact on the elimination of illicit trafficking in narcotic
drugs in those areas. One of the reasons for their backwardness, apart from the
inaccessible terrain, was that they had been controlled by armed insurgent
groups who lived on drug trafficking. To date, 10 of those armed groups had
12. International support would greatly enhance Myanmarâs efforts to achieve
sustainable development. In that regard, her delegation firmly supported the
World Summit for Social Development as a golden opportunity for developed and
developing countries to work together to formulate comprehensive strategies to
that end. Finally, her delegation welcomed the proclamation of 1994 as the
International Year of the Family, as a meaningful opportunity to reaffirm the
position of the family as the basic unit of society.
13. Mrs. ROMULUS (Haiti) said that many decisions taken by the General Assembly
in recent years had rightly focused on the strengthening of activities
associated with the social sector. Social policy issues had been discussed at
the Vienna Conference on Human Rights, would be dealt with at the Population and
Development Conference in 1994 and, most intensively, at the World Summit for
(Mrs. Romulus, Haiti)
Social Development to be held at Copenhagen in 1995. And yet, despite
remarkable advances in social development, extreme poverty, oppression and
exploitation had not disappeared. Had the priority truly been placed on the
essential needs of people, the task would be almost complete. That observation
should inspire redoubled efforts to implement a new international system of
ethics based on the autonomy of the individual and the respect for human rights.
14. It had been demonstrated that bad economic policy and unfavourable
international conditions could plunge whole populations into poverty. Low
productivity, inflation and unemployment had created an impoverished class that
had previously not existed. The world economic crisis, which had led
Governments world wide to reduce spending, constituted a major obstacle to the
reduction or elimination of poverty.
15. Although the new world order was freer it was also less stable. The wars,
terrorism, and atrocities that had erupted after the replacement or dismantling
of certain regimes were truly alarming.
16. In the view of Haiti, health and education should be the priorities of the
World Summit for Social Development. Firstly, all peoples, however poor, should
have the right to preventive care and medical treatment. Secondly, in a world
where the economies of rich countries could not easily afford workersâ training
with a view to future employment, and in which investment in education in poorer
countries had radically declined, the status of education was troubling.
Economic obstacles and political difficulties must not stand in the way of
education because only education could lead to participation in economic and
social life and the strengthening of the democratic process.
17. Mr. MUSUKA (Zambia) said that questions of social development, hitherto
sidelined by the imperatives of the cold war period, were slowly beginning to
assume their rightful place on the global agenda. Although in past years many
advances had been made in the social sector, in such areas as child
immunization, health care and education, in many developing countries the social
situation still remained precarious, as shown by high levels of poverty and
accompanying high infant mortality rates.
18. Zambia was currently undergoing severe economic difficulties resulting from
structural adjustment measures designed to revitalize the social and economic
infrastructure, but which had also increased the incidence of poverty. A social
action programme had been introduced to redress the situation; its projects,
targeting vulnerable segments of society covered such areas as health and
nutrition, education, water and sanitation, urban and rural roads, market
development, transport, women in development, employment generation through
public works projects, and development in small-scale industries.
19. Given current conditions in Zambia, his delegation felt that the promotion
of integrated economic and social policies should be a top priority of the World
Summit for Social Development. Furthermore, preparatory work for the Summit
must take a realistic view of the practical consequences of implementing
(Mr. Musuka, Zambia)
conclusions and recommendations. Specific actions to promote cooperation in
social development should be formulated, taking into account the interdependence
between the success of national efforts and a supportive international economic
20. At the close of the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons, numerous
obstacles still stood in the way of their full participation in society. It
was, however, encouraging to note that for the first time the rights of disabled
people had been incorporated into the general human rights document of the
Vienna World Conference on Human Rights, which clearly stated that no person
should be denied the enjoyment of any human right on the basis of a disability.
In Zambia, the Ministry of Community Development had conducted many programmes
aimed at protecting the rights of the disabled, including the establishment of
institutions offering education to disabled children and care for the blind.
Recently a special fund had been created to assist those blind people who wished
to return to their native villages.
21. Given the continued decline in the socio-economic situation in Zambia, it
had become increasingly difficult for young people to enter the job market.
Evidence showed that education alone was no guarantee of obtaining employment.
The Government had consequently embarked on a basic skills development programme
in both primary and secondary schools. The key to future development was the
stimulation of human resources and the generation of productive employment. The
Government, in cooperation with NGOs, had also inaugurated programmes to provide
basic training to street children as a step towards their rehabilitation and
integration into society.
22. His delegation applauded the decision to observe the International Year of
the Family in 1994, and hoped that it would provide the occasion for policy
dialogue on the current and emerging challenges of family life, and in
particular, on the need for Governments to develop family-oriented policies that
would eliminate difficulties experienced by households headed by women. His
delegation hoped that the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women would play a significant role in the International
Year of the Family. Finally, Zambia had instituted a national preparatory
coordinating committee under its Ministry of Community Development and Social
Services to make preparations, in conjunction with NGOs, for the observance of
the International Year of the Family.
23. Mr. AKPLOGAN (Benin) stated that development would require the elimination
of the current economic order, in which two thirds of the human race could not
meet their basic needs, including the millions in Africa, Asia, Latin America
and the Caribbean, who existed in a state of almost absolute poverty.
Regrettably, the world economic crisis had been accompanied by a general
tendency to reduce the role of the State in social affairs. Stagnation and
economic decline had led many developing African countries to adopt structural
adjustment programmes, which had considerably restricted policies and programmes
in the social sector in order to service a large official debt. It was
imperative to reverse that trend, and to rethink development priorities so as to
respond to genuine need in the areas of health, nutrition, education and so on.
Social development must take place within the context of sustained, balanced
development in which people were the priority.
(Mr. Akplogan, Benin)
24. Benin applauded the decision by the General Assembly to convoke a World
Summit for Social Development and agreed that it should focus on the following
points: the strengthening of social integration, in particular for the more
disadvantaged and marginalized groups; the reduction of poverty; the expansion
of productive employment, and the strengthening of the role of the United
Nations in the field of social development. In the view of Benin, the Summit
should elaborate a plan of action aimed at devising an integrated programme for
social development. It agreed that in order to achieve the degree of success of
the World Conference on Human Rights at Vienna, the World Summit for Social
Development must be accorded the same financial facilities and given the same
measure of publicity.
25. As the Secretary-General had indicated in his report on the implementation
of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons (A/48/462), the
expectations of the Decade of Disabled Persons had not been fully realized.
Despite some progress in certain developing countries with regard to health and
rehabilitation, the number of disabled persons had grown over the course of the
Decade, particularly in those regions stricken by war, drought or famine. In
Benin, within the framework of the implementation of its national programme
related to the World Programme of Action, several activities, however modest,
had been carried out on behalf of disabled persons. The task before the
international community was to continue to raise consciousness with regard to
the plight of disabled persons, so as to take steps towards the creation of a
society where disabled persons could feel that they fully belonged.
26. Based on its conviction that development was closely linked to the wellbeing
of women, children and the ageing, the Government of Benin was making
vigorous preparations for the International Year of the Family in 1994. It also
intended to contribute to the preparatory work of the World Conference on Women
to take place in Beijing in 1995. It was the hope of his country that those
significant occasions would leave an imprint in the history of humanity.
27. Ms. SEMAFUMU (Uganda) said that, notwithstanding the reduction in infant
mortality and illiteracy as a result of technological progress, the prospects
for improvements in living standards for the majority of the worldâs population
remained bleak. Economic difficulties, caused by an inequitable international
system, remained an impediment to investment in critical areas essential to
social and economic improvement. Although it was now acknowledged that more
attention needed to be paid to the negative social impact of economic reforms,
current poverty alleviation programmes were still woefully inadequate. At the
same time political conflict and ethnic tension continued to cause widespread
suffering and the destruction of socio-economic infrastructure, and an alarming
world-wide upsurge in crime had yet to be addressed by existing institutions and
28. The 1993 Report on the World Social Situation, which provided a useful
source of material, would be improved by a more rigorous methodology to
facilitate analysis and policy recommendations.
29. Although the United Nations system conducted a vast array of social
activities, the approach tended to be fragmented. While a sectoral approach
focused attention on vulnerable groups to a degree that a holistic approach
(Ms. Semafumu, Uganda)
might not, it had not resulted in sustained action, which could be achieved only
by mainstreaming specific concerns into overall policy formulation,
implementation and evaluation. The net result was that the whole of the
activities undertaken by the United Nations was less than the sum of its parts.
30. The 1995 World Summit for Social Development would provide an opportunity
to adopt a more holistic approach to social development based on the three core
issues of poverty alleviation, social integration and productive employment.
All three should be accorded equal priority.
31. Her delegation welcomed the institutional changes affecting United Nations
activities in the economic and social fields and hoped they would increase their
effectiveness. Further decentralization meant that regional commissions would
play an increasingly important role. In that connection, the social development
programme of the Economic Commission for Africa, which was relatively weak,
needed to be strengthened. The report on the World Summit for Social
Development (A/48/476) confirmed that view.
32. She welcomed the completion of the Standard Rules on the Equalization of
Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, and supported the appointment of a
special rapporteur as a component of the monitoring mechanism. She looked
forward to the completion of the manual on the integration of disability issues
into national planning and development projects. She supported the proposed
upgrading of the Disabled Persons Unit within the Secretariat, but would
appreciate information on any consequent redeployment of resources.
33. Her delegation welcomed proposals for an early assessment of the
International Year of the Family. The role of the family in a changing
environment remained topical. The extended family, still the basic unit of
African societies, played an important role in terms of production, political
organization and social insurance, a role which should be further analysed,
taking into account the need for the extended family to be protected. It should
also be recognized that the extended family system had negative aspects, such as
nepotism and the diversion of public assets to private use. The focus provided
during the International Year of the Family would enable African societies to
preserve the positive aspects while mitigating the negative consequences.
34. She expressed confidence that the fiftieth anniversary of the United
Nations would provide a focus that would serve to bring the peoples of the world
closer to the better standards of life in larger freedom envisaged by the
founders of the Organization.
35. Mr. MARKER (Pakistan) said that the reports before the Committee gave cause
for both concern and optimism in that chronic social and economic problems
continued to dominate the social landscape in most developing countries, but
that there was now sufficient experience to enable the world community to
achieve the United Nations goal of promoting universal well-being.
36. It was clear that social development could not be dissociated from a
countryâs political-economic matrix or from the external environment. Therefore
a comprehensive policy, not a fragmented or piecemeal approach, was needed to
promote sustained human development. The realization of that goal must be
(Mr. Marker, Pakistan)
promoted at key decision-making levels inasmuch as poverty, unemployment and
social backwardness were common problems, with both national and international
dimensions. The redistribution of wealth, job creation and integration of all
segments of society must be reflected in policies at the community, national and
37. For his Government social development was a priority objective. Greater
resources would be allocated to promote access to education, decentralize the
public sector, reduce population growth, carry out environmental and water
supply projects, and implement a narcotics control plan. While modest, those
goals, if attained, would result in far-reaching social change.
38. There was growing awareness in the developing countries of the need to
integrate economic and social goals and policies, and to develop a new paradigm
buttressed by appropriate international mechanisms, which would ensure
sustainable development and the full participation of peoples in that process.
The focus must be on poor people, who must be enabled to make a full
contribution to society.
39. The slowdown in economic growth was cause for serious concern, since unless
the economy improved, social development objectives would remain unfulfilled.
Emphasis on the market, without more equitable distribution of national wealth,
could exacerbate social and political problems and impede attainment of the full
potential of human development. A balance must be struck between the play of
market forces and government intervention, the overriding principle being to put
people at the centre of development, in other words, to extend democratization
beyond the limits of political representation.
40. United Nations endeavours to promote a global social revolution could
succeed only if a plan of action accepted by a multilateral consensus was
evolved to address problems of trade, finance, debt and technology transfer.
The growth of even highly competitive developing countries was threatened by
protectionism, while debt was a millstone oppressing the low-income countries.
The growing phenomenon of economic migration, which was creating complex social
problems in developed countries, could also be addressed by promoting growth and
human well-being in developing countries.
41. Economic and technical progress had been uneven, unequal, and exploitative,
creating a growing disparity between rich and poor. The challenge was to
achieve growth with equity. Poverty obliged the destitute to degrade their
lands merely to subsist, while much of the worldâs finite resources were being
depleted due to unsustainable consumption and production in the developed
countries, which were largely responsible for the current environmental crisis.
Social development could not be assured if a majority of the worldâs population
was engaged in servicing the wasteful lifestyles of a small minority.
42. The post-cold-war era had seen several regional conflicts with a massive
toll in lives and suffering. Unless they could be ended, economic and social
development in those regions would be difficult to realize. The United Nations
had a vital role to play through its mediation, preventive diplomacy, peacekeeping
and peacemaking functions.
(Mr. Marker, Pakistan)
43. His delegation noted with satisfaction the preparations under way for the
World Summit for Social Development. The thematic approach, revolving around
the core issues of social integration, poverty elimination and productive
employment, would make it easier to secure firm commitments at the highest
political level. Nevertheless, the Summit should not be seen as an end but as a
beginning of development for the people.
44. Mr. ABARRY (Niger) said that the close connections between democracy,
social progress, respect for human rights and development were more evident now
than ever before. Social development could therefore not be envisaged without a
society in which the individual was the focal point of all development efforts.
He hoped that the World Summit for Social Development in 1995 would be an
opportunity for the international community to give specific responses to the
constant appeals of many of its members whose chances of acceding to genuine
development were being eroded as time went by.
45. Convinced that a community approach was needed to deal with thorny problems
such as poverty, unemployment and health and that the mobilization of the
population was critical to development activities, his Government had launched a
number of projects in cooperation with non-governmental organizations using the
Nigerâs meagre resources to assist vulnerable groups. The United Nations could
not only provide the support needed to ensure that the efforts were not in vain
but should also coordinate and clarify the nature of the activities of different
agencies in the field in order to ensure that in the long run the highly
controversial side effects of structural adjustment programmes were corrected.
46. The drafting of a family code in the Niger had filled the legal void which
had existed in that area in the past. The launching of the International Year
of the Family would give the international community an opportunity to address
the problems associated with the family. As the development of young people
including their education and employment were crucial elements in his
Governmentâs policy it had established a number of programmes to improve the
training, economic and social conditions of young people. However, those
programmes had been seriously compromised by the combined effects of the
economic crisis, drought and structural adjustment policies. The youth, as the
future of the country, must enjoy the maximum support of the society in order to
be able to face the future with full confidence. His country also accorded
great importance to the recognition of the contribution of the disabled and had
introduced legal provisions defining the framework for their social protection
and established programmes designed to give them at least the same opportunities
as able-bodied people in society. His Government also focused considerable
attention on combating drought and desertification, which seriously hampered
efforts to harness water resources and to attain food self-sufficiency -
essential prerequisites for the well-being of the population.
47. Archbishop MARTINO (Observer for the Holy See) said that the Holy See
welcomed the new comprehensive United Nations approach to the development
process, the material and spiritual dimensions of which required the free
participation of every human being. The problems discussed in the 1993 Report
on the World Social Situation required careful and immediate action and pointed
to the need for equity and solidarity. While efforts at improving the economic
(Archbishop Martino, Observer, Holy See)
conditions of millions of people must be intensified, there was an obligation to
provide all human beings with values and guidelines which could be combined with
their material improvement to assist them in achieving a well-rounded
development and a better quality of life.
48. He noted with satisfaction that the values proposed by the Pope and the
Catholic Church to the young generations addressed the same needs as those cited
in the report. In relation to ageing and disabled persons, the Catholic Church
applauded all the gains made in longevity and in the elimination or cure of many
diseases and urged that they be enhanced. In that connection, the international
community should not miss the opportunity to rid the world of leprosy which,
according to the World Health Organization, was now treatable and curable and
could be eradicated at a cost of only $420 million over a period of six years.
Society must give expression to its spiritual values and stop considering the
care of the elderly and the impaired only in terms of financial costs.
49. The Pope had associated the whole Church with the United Nations in
proclaiming 1994 as the International Year of the Family throughout the Catholic
Church. The 1993 Report on the World Social Situation had touched on some
problems of the family such as the high incidence of severe depression among
young people due to the erosion of family cohesion and the fact that the
increase in births out of wedlock partially reflected the diminished role of the
family as an institution of economic survival. The Holy See intended to
continue and intensify its efforts to safeguard the sacredness of the family.
50. Mr. OFFOR (Nigeria) said that the 1993 Report on the World Social Situation
had failed to address the root causes of the distressing situation in developing
countries. Future reports could perhaps examine the impact of factors such as
the external debt crisis, debt-servicing obligations and trade barriers. The
hopes raised at the end of the cold war that resources would be reallocated to
deal with the causes of social tensions that might threaten the emerging
democracies had been dashed. Consequently, those problems had not only
increased but had also spread to all strata of society.
51. Africa was the hardest hit by social crises that were generally triggered
by poverty due to a weak economic base and natural disasters. The World Summit
for Social Development must address the underlying causes of social degradation
and tension, particularly in the developing world, while both developed and
developing countries would have to make a genuine commitment to tackling major
issues such as the external indebtedness of developing countries whose
development had continued to be hampered inter alia by increasing debt-servicing
obligations and protectionism. With regard to protectionism, Nigeria hoped that
the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations would be concluded by
December of the current year and would take into account the interests of
developing countries. The primary responsibility for improving the welfare of
peoples lay with national Governments. Unfortunately, those Governments which
had adopted structural adjustment programmes had been overwhelmed by problems.
As Nigeria attached great importance to the place of young people in the
socio-economic development of its society, it had set up a National Open
Apprenticeship Scheme to help school leavers to engage in gainful selfemployment.
52. Mr. AL-SAEID (Kuwait) said that Kuwaiti citizens enjoyed full social
services all through their lives, including counselling, guidance and material
assistance from government bodies and welfare associations. Social development
assistance was also extended to numerous fraternal countries through various
charity organizations involved in the care and rehabilitation of orphans.
53. His delegation had a keen interest in the 1995 World Summit for Social
Development and would continue to participate in the preparatory meetings.
Kuwait also devoted great attention to the 1994 International Conference on
Population and Development and the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women.
54. Equal attention should be devoted to the social welfare of the elderly and
youth. Kuwait provided full welfare services to the elderly and had established
clubs and homes for them. Life expectancy in Kuwait was currently 72 years for
men and 76 years for women, which was close to that of the advanced countries.
Kuwait also allocated considerable resources to youth, who were the mainspring
of development and the driving force behind the reconstruction of Kuwaitâs
infrastructure, which had been destroyed by the nefarious Iraqi occupation.
55. Kuwait was among the foremost Governments in providing care and
rehabilitation to the disabled. It was not enough merely to provide assistance
to the disabled; their capabilities should be put to use and developed.
Disabilities were not only matters of birth or accident: they could also result
from criminal acts of barbarism, such as the Iraqi occupation and the torture
practised by the Iraqi regime, which had caused numerous cases of disability
among Kuwait civilians. The international community witnessed such criminal
acts daily in various parts of the globe, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina. His
delegation therefore urged it not to remain content with providing care and
rehabilitation to the disabled; it should also fight against the corrupt and
tyrannical regimes whose acts resulted in disabilities.
ORGANIZATION OF WORK
56. The CHAIRMAN said that the question of an open-ended working group to
consider follow-up to and implementation of the recommendations of the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action on human rights was of the utmost importance
and sensitivity. That meant that the group must be truly open and transparent,
and undue delay in setting it up would be counterproductive. Informal
consultations had revealed that the views of the Non-Aligned Movement were not
acceptable to certain other delegations, so that for the time being he was
unable to make any proposal that would command the support of a majority within
57. Mr. WISNUMURTI (Indonesia) said that implementation of the recommendations
in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action was of paramount importance to
the Non-Aligned Movement, which had carefully considered the proposal to
establish an open-ended working group. Given the sensitivity of the issue,
consensus was essential. The Non-Aligned Movement proposed the following text
"The open-ended working group shall consider the follow-up to and
implementation of the recommendations of the Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action including the consideration, as a matter of priority,
(Mr. Wisnumurti, Indonesia)
of the question of the establishment of a High Commissioner for Human
Rights for the promotion and protection of human rights, as set out in
paragraphs 17 and 18 of part II of the Declaration.
"The open-ended working group shall be transparent, be fully supported
by conference services, including interpretation and documentation, and
work with a view to achieving consensus."
He trusted that all delegations could support that proposal.
58. Ms. SEMAFUMU (Uganda) said that it would be helpful if the Chairman could
indicate which elements in the non-aligned position were unacceptable to certain
59. The CHAIRMAN said that he could not speak on behalf of other delegations,
and suggested that further consultations should be held, bearing in mind that
undue delay would imperil the objectives of establishing the open-ended working
The meeting rose at 6.05 p.m.